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Bob The Magic Custodian
Summary: Everyone knows that when you give your assets to someone else, they always keep them safe. If this is true for individuals, it is certainly true for businesses. Custodians always tell the truth and manage funds properly. They won't have any interest in taking the assets as an exchange operator would. Auditors tell the truth and can't be misled. That's because organizations that are regulated are incapable of lying and don't make mistakes. First, some background. Here is a summary of how custodians make us more secure: Previously, we might give Alice our crypto assets to hold. There were risks:
Alice might take the assets and disappear.
Alice might spend the assets and pretend that she still has them (fractional model).
Alice might store the assets insecurely and they'll get stolen.
Alice might give the assets to someone else by mistake or by force.
Alice might lose access to the assets.
But "no worries", Alice has a custodian named Bob. Bob is dressed in a nice suit. He knows some politicians. And he drives a Porsche. "So you have nothing to worry about!". And look at all the benefits we get:
Alice can't take the assets and disappear (unless she asks Bob or never gives them to Bob).
Alice can't spend the assets and pretend that she still has them. (Unless she didn't give them to Bob or asks him for them.)
Alice can't store the assets insecurely so they get stolen. (After all - she doesn't have any control over the withdrawal process from any of Bob's systems, right?)
Alice can't give the assets to someone else by mistake or by force. (Bob will stop her, right Bob?)
Alice can't lose access to the funds. (She'll always be present, sane, and remember all secrets, right?)
See - all problems are solved! All we have to worry about now is:
Bob might take the assets and disappear.
Bob might spend the assets and pretend that he still has them (fractional model).
Bob might store the assets insecurely and they'll get stolen.
Bob might give the assets to someone else by mistake or by force.
Bob might lose access to the assets.
It's pretty simple. Before we had to trust Alice. Now we only have to trust Alice, Bob, and all the ways in which they communicate. Just think of how much more secure we are! "On top of that", Bob assures us, "we're using a special wallet structure". Bob shows Alice a diagram. "We've broken the balance up and store it in lots of smaller wallets. That way", he assures her, "a thief can't take it all at once". And he points to a historic case where a large sum was taken "because it was stored in a single wallet... how stupid". "Very early on, we used to have all the crypto in one wallet", he said, "and then one Christmas a hacker came and took it all. We call him the Grinch. Now we individually wrap each crypto and stick it under a binary search tree. The Grinch has never been back since." "As well", Bob continues, "even if someone were to get in, we've got insurance. It covers all thefts and even coercion, collusion, and misplaced keys - only subject to the policy terms and conditions." And with that, he pulls out a phone-book sized contract and slams it on the desk with a thud. "Yep", he continues, "we're paying top dollar for one of the best policies in the country!" "Can I read it?' Alice asks. "Sure," Bob says, "just as soon as our legal team is done with it. They're almost through the first chapter." He pauses, then continues. "And can you believe that sales guy Mike? He has the same year Porsche as me. I mean, what are the odds?" "Do you use multi-sig?", Alice asks. "Absolutely!" Bob replies. "All our engineers are fully trained in multi-sig. Whenever we want to set up a new wallet, we generate 2 separate keys in an air-gapped process and store them in this proprietary system here. Look, it even requires the biometric signature from one of our team members to initiate any withdrawal." He demonstrates by pressing his thumb into the display. "We use a third-party cloud validation API to match the thumbprint and authorize each withdrawal. The keys are also backed up daily to an off-site third-party." "Wow that's really impressive," Alice says, "but what if we need access for a withdrawal outside of office hours?" "Well that's no issue", Bob says, "just send us an email, call, or text message and we always have someone on staff to help out. Just another part of our strong commitment to all our customers!" "What about Proof of Reserve?", Alice asks. "Of course", Bob replies, "though rather than publish any blockchain addresses or signed transaction, for privacy we just do a SHA256 refactoring of the inverse hash modulus for each UTXO nonce and combine the smart contract coefficient consensus in our hyperledger lightning node. But it's really simple to use." He pushes a button and a large green checkmark appears on a screen. "See - the algorithm ran through and reserves are proven." "Wow", Alice says, "you really know your stuff! And that is easy to use! What about fiat balances?" "Yeah, we have an auditor too", Bob replies, "Been using him for a long time so we have quite a strong relationship going! We have special books we give him every year and he's very efficient! Checks the fiat, crypto, and everything all at once!" "We used to have a nice offline multi-sig setup we've been using without issue for the past 5 years, but I think we'll move all our funds over to your facility," Alice says. "Awesome", Bob replies, "Thanks so much! This is perfect timing too - my Porsche got a dent on it this morning. We have the paperwork right over here." "Great!", Alice replies. And with that, Alice gets out her pen and Bob gets the contract. "Don't worry", he says, "you can take your crypto-assets back anytime you like - just subject to our cancellation policy. Our annual management fees are also super low and we don't adjust them often". How many holes have to exist for your funds to get stolen? Just one. Why are we taking a powerful offline multi-sig setup, widely used globally in hundreds of different/lacking regulatory environments with 0 breaches to date, and circumventing it by a demonstrably weak third party layer? And paying a great expense to do so? If you go through the list of breaches in the past 2 years to highly credible organizations, you go through the list of major corporate frauds (only the ones we know about), you go through the list of all the times platforms have lost funds, you go through the list of times and ways that people have lost their crypto from identity theft, hot wallet exploits, extortion, etc... and then you go through this custodian with a fine-tooth comb and truly believe they have value to add far beyond what you could, sticking your funds in a wallet (or set of wallets) they control exclusively is the absolute worst possible way to take advantage of that security. The best way to add security for crypto-assets is to make a stronger multi-sig. With one custodian, what you are doing is giving them your cryptocurrency and hoping they're honest, competent, and flawlessly secure. It's no different than storing it on a really secure exchange. Maybe the insurance will cover you. Didn't work for Bitpay in 2015. Didn't work for Yapizon in 2017. Insurance has never paid a claim in the entire history of cryptocurrency. But maybe you'll get lucky. Maybe your exact scenario will buck the trend and be what they're willing to cover. After the large deductible and hopefully without a long and expensive court battle. And you want to advertise this increase in risk, the lapse of judgement, an accident waiting to happen, as though it's some kind of benefit to customers ("Free institutional-grade storage for your digital assets.")? And then some people are writing to the OSC that custodians should be mandatory for all funds on every exchange platform? That this somehow will make Canadians as a whole more secure or better protected compared with standard air-gapped multi-sig? On what planet? Most of the problems in Canada stemmed from one thing - a lack of transparency. If Canadians had known what a joke Quadriga was - it wouldn't have grown to lose $400m from hard-working Canadians from coast to coast to coast. And Gerald Cotten would be in jail, not wherever he is now (at best, rotting peacefully). EZ-BTC and mister Dave Smilie would have been a tiny little scam to his friends, not a multi-million dollar fraud. Einstein would have got their act together or been shut down BEFORE losing millions and millions more in people's funds generously donated to criminals. MapleChange wouldn't have even been a thing. And maybe we'd know a little more about CoinTradeNewNote - like how much was lost in there. Almost all of the major losses with cryptocurrency exchanges involve deception with unbacked funds. So it's great to see transparency reports from BitBuy and ShakePay where someone independently verified the backing. The only thing we don't have is:
ANY CERTAINTY BALANCES WEREN'T EXCLUDED. Quadriga's largest account was $70m. 80% of funds are in 20% of accounts (Pareto principle). All it takes is excluding a few really large accounts - and nobody's the wiser. A fractional platform can easily pass any audit this way.
ANY VISIBILITY WHATSOEVER INTO THE CUSTODIANS. BitBuy put out their report before moving all the funds to their custodian and ShakePay apparently can't even tell us who the custodian is. That's pretty important considering that basically all of the funds are now stored there.
ANY IDEA ABOUT THE OTHER EXCHANGES. In order for this to be effective, it has to be the norm. It needs to be "unusual" not to know. If obscurity is the norm, then it's super easy for people like Gerald Cotten and Dave Smilie to blend right in.
It's not complicated to validate cryptocurrency assets. They need to exist, they need to be spendable, and they need to cover the total balances. There are plenty of credible people and firms across the country that have the capacity to reasonably perform this validation. Having more frequent checks by different, independent, parties who publish transparent reports is far more valuable than an annual check by a single "more credible/official" party who does the exact same basic checks and may or may not publish anything. Here's an example set of requirements that could be mandated:
First report within 1 month of launching, another within 3 months, and further reports at minimum every 6 months thereafter.
No auditor can be repeated within a 12 month period.
All reports must be public, identifying the auditor and the full methodology used.
All auditors must be independent of the firm being audited with no conflict of interest.
Reports must include the percentage of each asset backed, and how it's backed.
The auditor publishes a hash list, which lists a hash of each customer's information and balances that were included. Hash is one-way encryption so privacy is fully preserved. Every customer can use this to have 100% confidence they were included.
If we want more extensive requirements on audits, these should scale upward based on the total assets at risk on the platform, and whether the platform has loaned their assets out.
There are ways to structure audits such that neither crypto assets nor customer information are ever put at risk, and both can still be properly validated and publicly verifiable. There are also ways to structure audits such that they are completely reasonable for small platforms and don't inhibit innovation in any way. By making the process as reasonable as possible, we can completely eliminate any reason/excuse that an honest platform would have for not being audited. That is arguable far more important than any incremental improvement we might get from mandating "the best of the best" accountants. Right now we have nothing mandated and tons of Canadians using offshore exchanges with no oversight whatsoever. Transparency does not prove crypto assets are safe. CoinTradeNewNote, Flexcoin ($600k), and Canadian Bitcoins ($100k) are examples where crypto-assets were breached from platforms in Canada. All of them were online wallets and used no multi-sig as far as any records show. This is consistent with what we see globally - air-gapped multi-sig wallets have an impeccable record, while other schemes tend to suffer breach after breach. We don't actually know how much CoinTrader lost because there was no visibility. Rather than publishing details of what happened, the co-founder of CoinTrader silently moved on to found another platform - the "most trusted way to buy and sell crypto" - a site that has no information whatsoever (that I could find) on the storage practices and a FAQ advising that “[t]rading cryptocurrency is completely safe” and that having your own wallet is “entirely up to you! You can certainly keep cryptocurrency, or fiat, or both, on the app.” Doesn't sound like much was learned here, which is really sad to see. It's not that complicated or unreasonable to set up a proper hardware wallet. Multi-sig can be learned in a single course. Something the equivalent complexity of a driver's license test could prevent all the cold storage exploits we've seen to date - even globally. Platform operators have a key advantage in detecting and preventing fraud - they know their customers far better than any custodian ever would. The best job that custodians can do is to find high integrity individuals and train them to form even better wallet signatories. Rather than mandating that all platforms expose themselves to arbitrary third party risks, regulations should center around ensuring that all signatories are background-checked, properly trained, and using proper procedures. We also need to make sure that signatories are empowered with rights and responsibilities to reject and report fraud. They need to know that they can safely challenge and delay a transaction - even if it turns out they made a mistake. We need to have an environment where mistakes are brought to the surface and dealt with. Not one where firms and people feel the need to hide what happened. In addition to a knowledge-based test, an auditor can privately interview each signatory to make sure they're not in coercive situations, and we should make sure they can freely and anonymously report any issues without threat of retaliation. A proper multi-sig has each signature held by a separate person and is governed by policies and mutual decisions instead of a hierarchy. It includes at least one redundant signature. For best results, 3of4, 3of5, 3of6, 4of5, 4of6, 4of7, 5of6, or 5of7. History has demonstrated over and over again the risk of hot wallets even to highly credible organizations. Nonetheless, many platforms have hot wallets for convenience. While such losses are generally compensated by platforms without issue (for example Poloniex, Bitstamp, Bitfinex, Gatecoin, Coincheck, Bithumb, Zaif, CoinBene, Binance, Bitrue, Bitpoint, Upbit, VinDAX, and now KuCoin), the public tends to focus more on cases that didn't end well. Regardless of what systems are employed, there is always some level of risk. For that reason, most members of the public would prefer to see third party insurance. Rather than trying to convince third party profit-seekers to provide comprehensive insurance and then relying on an expensive and slow legal system to enforce against whatever legal loopholes they manage to find each and every time something goes wrong, insurance could be run through multiple exchange operators and regulators, with the shared interest of having a reputable industry, keeping costs down, and taking care of Canadians. For example, a 4 of 7 multi-sig insurance fund held between 5 independent exchange operators and 2 regulatory bodies. All Canadian exchanges could pay premiums at a set rate based on their needed coverage, with a higher price paid for hot wallet coverage (anything not an air-gapped multi-sig cold wallet). Such a model would be much cheaper to manage, offer better coverage, and be much more reliable to payout when needed. The kind of coverage you could have under this model is unheard of. You could even create something like the CDIC to protect Canadians who get their trading accounts hacked if they can sufficiently prove the loss is legitimate. In cases of fraud, gross negligence, or insolvency, the fund can be used to pay affected users directly (utilizing the last transparent balance report in the worst case), something which private insurance would never touch. While it's recommended to have official policies for coverage, a model where members vote would fully cover edge cases. (Could be similar to the Supreme Court where justices vote based on case law.) Such a model could fully protect all Canadians across all platforms. You can have a fiat coverage governed by legal agreements, and crypto-asset coverage governed by both multi-sig and legal agreements. It could be practical, affordable, and inclusive. Now, we are at a crossroads. We can happily give up our freedom, our innovation, and our money. We can pay hefty expenses to auditors, lawyers, and regulators year after year (and make no mistake - this cost will grow to many millions or even billions as the industry grows - and it will be borne by all Canadians on every platform because platforms are not going to eat up these costs at a loss). We can make it nearly impossible for any new platform to enter the marketplace, forcing Canadians to use the same stagnant platforms year after year. We can centralize and consolidate the entire industry into 2 or 3 big players and have everyone else fail (possibly to heavy losses of users of those platforms). And when a flawed security model doesn't work and gets breached, we can make it even more complicated with even more people in suits making big money doing the job that blockchain was supposed to do in the first place. We can build a system which is so intertwined and dependent on big government, traditional finance, and central bankers that it's future depends entirely on that of the fiat system, of fractional banking, and of government bail-outs. If we choose this path, as history has shown us over and over again, we can not go back, save for revolution. Our children and grandchildren will still be paying the consequences of what we decided today. Or, we can find solutions that work. We can maintain an open and innovative environment while making the adjustments we need to make to fully protect Canadian investors and cryptocurrency users, giving easy and affordable access to cryptocurrency for all Canadians on the platform of their choice, and creating an environment in which entrepreneurs and problem solvers can bring those solutions forward easily. None of the above precludes innovation in any way, or adds any unreasonable cost - and these three policies would demonstrably eliminate or resolve all 109 historic cases as studied here - that's every single case researched so far going back to 2011. It includes every loss that was studied so far not just in Canada but globally as well. Unfortunately, finding answers is the least challenging part. Far more challenging is to get platform operators and regulators to agree on anything. My last post got no response whatsoever, and while the OSC has told me they're happy for industry feedback, I believe my opinion alone is fairly meaningless. This takes the whole community working together to solve. So please let me know your thoughts. Please take the time to upvote and share this with people. Please - let's get this solved and not leave it up to other people to do. Facts/background/sources (skip if you like):
The inspiration for the paragraph about splitting wallets was an actual quote from a Canadian company providing custodial services in response to the OSC consultation paper: "We believe that it will be in the in best interests of investors to prohibit pooled crypto assets or ‘floats’. Most Platforms pool assets, citing reasons of practicality and expense. The recent hack of the world’s largest Platform – Binance – demonstrates the vulnerability of participants’ assets when such concessions are made. In this instance, the Platform’s entire hot wallet of Bitcoins, worth over $40 million, was stolen, facilitated in part by the pooling of client crypto assets." "the maintenance of participants (and Platform) crypto assets across multiple wallets distributes the related risk and responsibility of security - reducing the amount of insurance coverage required and making insurance coverage more readily obtainable". For the record, their reply also said nothing whatsoever about multi-sig or offline storage.
In addition to the fact that the $40m hack represented only one "hot wallet" of Binance, and they actually had the vast majority of assets in other wallets (including mostly cold wallets), multiple real cases have clearly demonstrated that risk is still present with multiple wallets. Bitfinex, VinDAX, Bithumb, Altsbit, BitPoint, Cryptopia, and just recently KuCoin all had multiple wallets breached all at the same time, and may represent a significantly larger impact on customers than the Binance breach which was fully covered by Binance. To represent that simply having multiple separate wallets under the same security scheme is a comprehensive way to reduce risk is just not true.
Private insurance has historically never covered a single loss in the cryptocurrency space (at least, not one that I was able to find), and there are notable cases where massive losses were not covered by insurance. Bitpay in 2015 and Yapizon in 2017 both had insurance policies that didn't pay out during the breach, even after a lengthly court process. The same insurance that ShakePay is presently using (and announced to much fanfare) was describe by their CEO himself as covering “physical theft of the media where the private keys are held,” which is something that has never historically happened. As was said with regard to the same policy in 2018 - “I don’t find it surprising that Lloyd’s is in this space,” said Johnson, adding that to his mind the challenge for everybody is figuring out how to structure these policies so that they are actually protective. “You can create an insurance policy that protects no one – you know there are so many caveats to the policy that it’s not super protective.”
The most profitable policy for a private insurance company is one with the most expensive premiums that they never have to pay a claim on. They have no inherent incentive to take care of people who lost funds. It's "cheaper" to take the reputational hit and fight the claim in court. The more money at stake, the more the insurance provider is incentivized to avoid payout. They're not going to insure the assets unless they have reasonable certainty to make a profit by doing so, and they're not going to pay out a massive sum unless it's legally forced. Private insurance is always structured to be maximally profitable to the insurance provider.
The circumvention of multi-sig was a key factor in the massive Bitfinex hack of over $60m of bitcoin, which today still sits being slowly used and is worth over $3b. While Bitfinex used a qualified custodian Bitgo, which was and still is active and one of the industry leaders of custodians, and they set up 2 of 3 multi-sig wallets, the entire system was routed through Bitfinex, such that Bitfinex customers could initiate the withdrawals in a "hot" fashion. This feature was also a hit with the hacker. The multi-sig was fully circumvented.
Bitpay in 2015 was another example of a breach that stole 5,000 bitcoins. This happened not through the exploit of any system in Bitpay, but because the CEO of a company they worked with got their computer hacked and the hackers were able to request multiple bitcoin purchases, which Bitpay honoured because they came from the customer's computer legitimately. Impersonation is a very common tactic used by fraudsters, and methods get more extreme all the time.
A notable case in Canada was the Canadian Bitcoins exploit. Funds were stored on a server in a Rogers Data Center, and the attendee was successfully convinced to reboot the server "in safe mode" with a simple phone call, thus bypassing the extensive security and enabling the theft.
The very nature of custodians circumvents multi-sig. This is because custodians are not just having to secure the assets against some sort of physical breach but against any form of social engineering, modification of orders, fraudulent withdrawal attempts, etc... If the security practices of signatories in a multi-sig arrangement are such that the breach risk of one signatory is 1 in 100, the requirement of 3 independent signatures makes the risk of theft 1 in 1,000,000. Since hackers tend to exploit the weakest link, a comparable custodian has to make the entry and exit points of their platform 10,000 times more secure than one of those signatories to provide equivalent protection. And if the signatories beef up their security by only 10x, the risk is now 1 in 1,000,000,000. The custodian has to be 1,000,000 times more secure. The larger and more complex a system is, the more potential vulnerabilities exist in it, and the fewer people can understand how the system works when performing upgrades. Even if a system is completely secure today, one has to also consider how that system might evolve over time or work with different members.
By contrast, offline multi-signature solutions have an extremely solid record, and in the entire history of cryptocurrency exchange incidents which I've studied (listed here), there has only been one incident (796 exchange in 2015) involving an offline multi-signature wallet. It happened because the customer's bitcoin address was modified by hackers, and the amount that was stolen ($230k) was immediately covered by the exchange operators. Basically, the platform operators were tricked into sending a legitimate withdrawal request to the wrong address because hackers exploited their platform to change that address. Such an issue would not be prevented in any way by the use of a custodian, as that custodian has no oversight whatsoever to the exchange platform. It's practical for all exchange operators to test large withdrawal transactions as a general policy, regardless of what model is used, and general best practice is to diagnose and fix such an exploit as soon as it occurs.
False promises on the backing of funds played a huge role in the downfall of Quadriga, and it's been exposed over and over again (MyCoin, PlusToken, Bitsane, Bitmarket, EZBTC, IDAX). Even today, customers have extremely limited certainty on whether their funds in exchanges are actually being backed or how they're being backed. While this issue is not unique to cryptocurrency exchanges, the complexity of the technology and the lack of any regulation or standards makes problems more widespread, and there is no "central bank" to come to the rescue as in the 2008 financial crisis or during the great depression when "9,000 banks failed".
In addition to fraudulent operations, the industry is full of cases where operators have suffered breaches and not reported them. Most recently, Einstein was the largest case in Canada, where ongoing breaches and fraud were perpetrated against the platform for multiple years and nobody found out until the platform collapsed completely. While fraud and breaches suck to deal with, they suck even more when not dealt with. Lack of visibility played a role in the largest downfalls of Mt. Gox, Cryptsy, and Bitgrail. In some cases, platforms are alleged to have suffered a hack and keep operating without admitting it at all, such as CoinBene.
It surprises some to learn that a cryptographic solution has already existed since 2013, and gained widespread support in 2014 after Mt. Gox. Proof of Reserves is a full cryptographic proof that allows any customer using an exchange to have complete certainty that their crypto-assets are fully backed by the platform in real-time. This is accomplished by proving that assets exist on the blockchain, are spendable, and fully cover customer deposits. It does not prove safety of assets or backing of fiat assets.
If we didn't care about privacy at all, a platform could publish their wallet addresses, sign a partial transaction, and put the full list of customer information and balances out publicly. Customers can each check that they are on the list, that the balances are accurate, that the total adds up, and that it's backed and spendable on the blockchain. Platforms who exclude any customer take a risk because that customer can easily check and see they were excluded. So together with all customers checking, this forms a full proof of backing of all crypto assets.
However, obviously customers care about their private information being published. Therefore, a hash of the information can be provided instead. Hash is one-way encryption. The hash allows the customer to validate inclusion (by hashing their own known information), while anyone looking at the list of hashes cannot determine the private information of any other user. All other parts of the scheme remain fully intact. A model like this is in use on the exchange CoinFloor in the UK.
A Merkle tree can provide even greater privacy. Instead of a list of balances, the balances are arranged into a binary tree. A customer starts from their node, and works their way to the top of the tree. For example, they know they have 5 BTC, they plus 1 other customer hold 7 BTC, they plus 2-3 other customers hold 17 BTC, etc... until they reach the root where all the BTC are represented. Thus, there is no way to find the balances of other individual customers aside from one unidentified customer in this case.
Proposals such as this had the backing of leaders in the community including Nic Carter, Greg Maxwell, and Zak Wilcox. Substantial and significant effort started back in 2013, with massive popularity in 2014. But what became of that effort? Very little. Exchange operators continue to refuse to give visibility. Despite the fact this information can often be obtained through trivial blockchain analysis, no Canadian platform has ever provided any wallet addresses publicly. As described by the CEO of Newton "For us to implement some kind of realtime Proof of Reserves solution, which I'm not opposed to, it would have to ... Preserve our users' privacy, as well as our own. Some kind of zero-knowledge proof". Kraken describes here in more detail why they haven't implemented such a scheme. According to professor Eli Ben-Sasson, when he spoke with exchanges, none were interested in implementing Proof of Reserves.
And yet, Kraken's places their reasoning on a page called "Proof of Reserves". More recently, both BitBuy and ShakePay have released reports titled "Proof of Reserves and Security Audit". Both reports contain disclaimers against being audits. Both reports trust the customer list provided by the platform, leaving the open possibility that multiple large accounts could have been excluded from the process. Proof of Reserves is a blockchain validation where customers see the wallets on the blockchain. The report from Kraken is 5 years old, but they leave it described as though it was just done a few weeks ago. And look at what they expect customers to do for validation. When firms represent something being "Proof of Reserve" when it's not, this is like a farmer growing fruit with pesticides and selling it in a farmers market as organic produce - except that these are people's hard-earned life savings at risk here. Platforms are misrepresenting the level of visibility in place and deceiving the public by their misuse of this term. They haven't proven anything.
Fraud isn't a problem that is unique to cryptocurrency. Fraud happens all the time. Enron, WorldCom, Nortel, Bear Stearns, Wells Fargo, Moser Baer, Wirecard, Bre-X, and Nicola are just some of the cases where frauds became large enough to become a big deal (and there are so many countless others). These all happened on 100% reversible assets despite regulations being in place. In many of these cases, the problems happened due to the over-complexity of the financial instruments. For example, Enron had "complex financial statements [which] were confusing to shareholders and analysts", creating "off-balance-sheet vehicles, complex financing structures, and deals so bewildering that few people could understand them". In cryptocurrency, we are often combining complex financial products with complex technologies and verification processes. We are naïve if we think problems like this won't happen. It is awkward and uncomfortable for many people to admit that they don't know how something works. If we want "money of the people" to work, the solutions have to be simple enough that "the people" can understand them, not so confusing that financial professionals and technology experts struggle to use or understand them.
For those who question the extent to which an organization can fool their way into a security consultancy role, HB Gary should be a great example to look at. Prior to trying to out anonymous, HB Gary was being actively hired by multiple US government agencies and others in the private sector (with glowing testimonials). The published articles and hosted professional security conferences. One should also look at this list of data breaches from the past 2 years. Many of them are large corporations, government entities, and technology companies. These are the ones we know about. Undoubtedly, there are many more that we do not know about. If HB Gary hadn't been "outted" by anonymous, would we have known they were insecure? If the same breach had happened outside of the public spotlight, would it even have been reported? Or would HB Gary have just deleted the Twitter posts, brought their site back up, done a couple patches, and kept on operating as though nothing had happened?
In the case of Quadriga, the facts are clear. Despite past experience with platforms such as MapleChange in Canada and others around the world, no guidance or even the most basic of a framework was put in place by regulators. By not clarifying any sort of legal framework, regulators enabled a situation where a platform could be run by former criminal Mike Dhanini/Omar Patryn, and where funds could be held fully unchecked by one person. At the same time, the lack of regulation deterred legitimate entities from running competing platforms and Quadriga was granted a money services business license for multiple years of operation, which gave the firm the appearance of legitimacy. Regulators did little to protect Canadians despite Quadriga failing to file taxes from 2016 onward. The entire administrative team had resigned and this was public knowledge. Many people had suspicions of what was going on, including Ryan Mueller, who forwarded complaints to the authorities. These were ignored, giving Gerald Cotten the opportunity to escape without justice.
There are multiple issues with the SOC II model including the prohibitive cost (you have to find a third party accounting firm and the prices are not even listed publicly on any sites), the requirement of operating for a year (impossible for new platforms), and lack of any public visibility (SOC II are private reports that aren't shared outside the people in suits).
Securities frameworks are expensive. Sarbanes-Oxley is estimated to cost $5.1 million USD/yr for the average Fortune 500 company in the United States. Since "Fortune 500" represents the top 500 companies, that means well over $2.55 billion USD (~$3.4 billion CAD) is going to people in suits. Isn't the problem of trust and verification the exact problem that the blockchain is supposed to solve?
To use Quadriga as justification for why custodians or SOC II or other advanced schemes are needed for platforms is rather silly, when any framework or visibility at all, or even the most basic of storage policies, would have prevented the whole thing. It's just an embarrassment.
We are now seeing regulators take strong action. CoinSquare in Canada with multi-million dollar fines. BitMex from the US, criminal charges and arrests. OkEx, with full disregard of withdrawals and no communication. Who's next?
We have a unique window today where we can solve these problems, and not permanently destroy innovation with unreasonable expectations, but we need to act quickly. This is a unique historic time that will never come again.
Repaso del semestre de BetFury: ¡los logros de 6 meses!
https://preview.redd.it/ii0gdnv7d6x41.png?width=1400&format=png&auto=webp&s=f5f74857d0e2f9a2764b3bc9c19bba0c5735301c ¿Puedes imaginar que ya han pasado seis meses desde el lanzamiento de la plataforma BetFury? A pesar de tan corto período, hemos logrado mucho y, por supuesto, no vamos a detener el flujo. Es hora de hablar de nuestras victorias y anunciar nuestros planes inmediatos. Cómo empezó todo BetFury es una plataforma de i-Gaming basada en la cadena de bloques TRON que combina las prácticas de juego tradicionales con características digitales de juego únicas para los usuarios. Utiliza todas las ventajas del registro rápido y los depósitos para jugar con el mismo placer desde tu teléfono, ordenador o tableta! Muchos usuarios se familiarizaron con la plataforma antes del lanzamiento cuando celebramos el evento de registro para 1 000 000 TRX. Empezamos como una plataforma de TRON con ventajas de 0.1 TRX min de apuesta, Cashback hasta el 25%, programa de rango VIP y 4 juegos internos: Dados, Crash, Circle, Plinko. Desde los primeros días, reclutamos el apoyo de los mejores promotores y jugadores! También DApps.Buzz, TokenPocket, BestBitcoinCasino, Crypto Gambling News escribieron sobre nosotros. Según el ranking de Dapp.com, ¡BetFury se ha convertido en el proyecto con la tasa de crecimiento más rápida en 2019! https://preview.redd.it/f93vuiyzf6x41.png?width=1400&format=png&auto=webp&s=1709b7845eeb91ef0560ccd7435b00b8148ac2a2 Métricas clave (6 meses) Usuarios Cada día nuestro sitio es visitado por 1200 usuarios. El número máximo de visitantes de la plataforma por día fue de ~ 7000. (los datos de dapp.review muestran ~500 usuarios, casi la mitad no fue rastreada debido al sistema de apuestas fuera de la cadena de BetFury). Total de cuentas de usuarios ~50К El volumen total de las 24 horas de hoy es de 380.000 dólares. La piscina de dividendos... El tema más popular desde el lanzamiento de la plataforma es el fondo común de dividendos. Cada 24 horas, el fondo de dividendos libera el 3% del total de los beneficios de la plataforma en cada moneda, y la cantidad es compartida entre todos los usuarios que tienen fichas BFG. El modelo de distribución de beneficios en cantidad de 3% permite acumular constantemente el pool y hacer pagos estables. El 3 de noviembre (después del comienzo) el fondo de dividendos de BetFury fue de más de 500.000 TRX! El indicador máximo del pool de dividendos fue de 56 000 000 TRX en diciembre. El pool de dividendos sólo se ha estabilizado, pero también conectamos otras monedas para el juego y los pagos de divisa - USDT, BTT, BTC (div pool pronto). Ahora nuestros montos de dividendos son 13 586 729.91 TRX, 11 343.38 USDT y 27 107 533.44 BTT. https://preview.redd.it/lc1ncpj3g6x41.png?width=1400&format=png&auto=webp&s=234f05c0ca4684e9fce623f564b8e03ad71e97aa Ya se han pagado dividendos por valor de 2.000.000 de dólares. durante 6 meses! BFG token La ficha de BetFury (BFG) es una ficha de utilidad para la participación en los beneficios y la generación de ingresos. Para cualquier apuesta, las fichas de BFG se añaden automáticamente a tu saldo. ¡Cuantos más BFG, más ingresos por dividendos! ¿Recuerdas cómo comenzó la extracción de los bonos BFG? Se inició a partir de 20 TRX por 1 BFG. Por cada 50 000 000 BFG el precio aumentaba en 1 TRX (para juegos internos) y 0,5 TRX (para tragamonedas). ⛏ La minería está disponible para USDT, BTT, BTC y se calcula sobre la tasa de Binance en el tiempo real de la apuesta. El precio actual de la minería es de 51 TRX/1 BFG para los juegos In-House. El precio actual de extracción de las tragaperras es de 13 TRX/1 BFG. El costo promedio de la minería (juegos internos) es de 0.76 TRX/1 BFG. El costo promedio de la minería (Tragamonedas) es de 0.52 TRX/1 BFG. Total congelado: 1 110 759 009 BFG Totalmente minado: 1 212 722 666 BFG BetFury tiene su propio mecanismo de quema de fichas llamado Subasta, donde los jugadores hacen ofertas en BFG para ganar TRX. Además, el equipo de BetFury organiza una quema planificada de fichas de BFG para aumentar el valor de la ficha nativa de BFG. Total quemados: 100 858 233 BFG Reembolso de efectivo Nos convertimos en la primera plataforma en el espacio de i-Gaming en ofrecer Cashback. BetFury ofrece un sistema de cashback para todos los usuarios. El porcentaje de cashback depende del rango en la plataforma y oscila entre el 2% y el 25%. También cuando el tiempo de cuarentena ha comenzado en todo el mundo, el equipo de la plataforma apoyó a los usuarios con 2X Cashback! Muchos usuarios aprovecharon esta oportunidad jugando y recibiendo muchas monedas de vuelta. Cashback pagó por todo el tiempo - 44.1M TRX ($300K). Actualmente сashback se puede obtener dos veces por semana: el lunes y el jueves. Retirar la devolución de dinero manualmente al balance del juego. Jackpots Algunos juegos internos tienen sus reglas para ganar el premio gordo, lo que hace que jugar sea emocionante. Las reglas no son difíciles, lee este artículo y asegúrate: https://preview.redd.it/9mamzpopi6x41.jpg?width=1280&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=d945fd6b76e93562143c30d8177658a2b2223da1 Características de los juegos Juegos internos Hemos desarrollado juegos de Hi-Lo, Keno, Escaleras, Minas. 💸Playing está disponible para todo el mundo, mientras que las apuestas mínimas son sólo 0,1 TRX, 0,01 USDT, 5 BTT, 0,000002 BTC. Además, hemos celebrado competiciones de Círculo, Keno, Minas, Escaleras en BetFury por más de 100 000 000 TRX de premios! Daily Big Wins - es una rúbrica sobre la vertiginosa suerte y los grandes beneficios de nuestros jugadores, que juegan en casa. Tragamonedas Como se prometió, hemos conectado las tragaperras de los mejores proveedores: Spinmatic, Spinomenal, Playson, Booongo, Endorphina, Vivogaming, BetgamesTV, Pragmatic, Habanero, Mr. Slotty, Fugaso, 1x2Network, GameArt. Las tragaperras están ahora disponibles con TRX, BTT, BTC, USDT. TRX sigue estando disponible para jugar en las tragaperras de todos los proveedores. USDT está disponible para jugar en las tragamonedas de Booongo, Spinmatic, Spinomenal, Endorphina, Habanero El BTT puede ser usado para jugar a las tragaperras de Booongo, Spinmatic, Spinomenal, Endorphina, Playson, Habanero El BTC puede ser usado para hacer girar las ranuras de Booongo, Spinmatic, Spinomenal, Endorfina, Playson, Habanero. Juegos de mesa, loterías y casino en vivo https://preview.redd.it/upnh0frbk6x41.jpg?width=1280&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=989bad1d9a9fd0d4822ae9d3a5240bb887f304fc ¡Con BetFury ya no se necesitan las loterías de papel! Proponemos 7 juegos de Spinomenal: Monster's scratch, Scratchy Bit, Super Mask y algunos más. Juegos de mesa: Ruleta y Blackjack de muchos tipos de Playson. Estamos trabajando constantemente para añadir nuevos proveedores, nuevos juegos, nuevas monedas para el juego y oportunidades para un mejor pasatiempo de nuestros usuarios! Eventos de BetFury: EVENTO BETFURY 2.0 para 5.5555 BTC https://preview.redd.it/tg54up32l6x41.png?width=1260&format=png&auto=webp&s=d2d526f5fb2df626da0c3b32ee17c930fb334211 ¡BetFury 2.0 está en camino! Vamos a familiarizarnos con la plataforma actualizada paso a paso. Este pre-registro es una parte importante del futuro de la plataforma, que abre el telón del próximo evento. ¡Tienes una buena habilidad para ganar Bitcoins y usarlos en la plataforma actualizada! Participe en el evento 👉https://betfury.io/bf2\_event Constantemente ideamos varias campañas de bonos y concursos para nuestros usuarios. Desde el lanzamiento de la plataforma pública hubo ~50 campañas de retweet por un monto de más de 150.000 TRX. Además, hubo muchos lanzamientos aéreos en el chat de BetFury. El día del giro de las tragaperras Descubre las tragaperras BetFury, juega a tus juegos favoritos, comparte el resultado de las ganancias en Twitter. Escogeremos al azar 3 jugadores, que compartirán 1500 TRX + 15 000 BTT por igual. No te decimos qué día será. Así que estad atentos a las redes sociales de BetFury! Sólo 24 horas para que los usuarios participen en el concurso "Slots Turning Day". Carrera de tragamonedas semanal Juega a tus tragaperras favoritas y gana premios cada semana en la Carrera de Tragaperras. El premio es de 200,000 TRX por 50 lugares! ¡Gran oportunidad para jugar, ganar dinero en efectivo, extraer fichas y conseguir muchos premios! 🚀 Desde el comienzo de la competición, ya hemos celebrado 15 carreras. 3, 000, 000 TRX (~$48 000) es la cantidad total de ganancias. Promoción del éxito de BetFury ¿Tiene una apuesta exitosa, buenos dividendos o devolución de dinero, ganancias por referencia o un nuevo rango? Muestra tu éxito en Twitter y podrás obtener un premio extra por ello. 10.000 TRX + 100.000 BTT se reparten entre aquellos que muestran éxito. Cada 14 días otros 100 ganadores son elegidos al azar. https://preview.redd.it/a1x079aul6x41.png?width=640&format=png&auto=webp&s=74bd1131cd7c30b4a738368556d9f9c94981679c Crecimiento de la comunidad Las redes sociales tienen un poder increíble. Todos los betfurianos del mundo pueden comunicarse sin fronteras. Nuestra comunidad crece cada hora. Cómo nos alegramos por los primeros 1000 seguidores en Twitter. Hoy tenemos más de 16K usuarios activos allí! No olvides que puedes participar en la campaña de Twitter para 0.2 BTC 👇 https://twitter.com/betfury_io 6,7K miembros del Canal Oficial de BetFury pueden ver todos los días las últimas noticias. Los miembros de 22K se enteran de todos los eventos comunicándose en el chat del Telegrama. Nuestro Instagram es seguido por más de 550 personas. Las cuentas de Medium, Reddit, Steemit contienen todos los artículos sobre las últimas actualizaciones, el trabajo de la plataforma y mucha más información cognitiva e interesante. Actualizaciones planeadas: Desarrollo de Betfury 2.0 Desarrollo del proyecto secreto Nuevo proveedor de tragamonedas https://preview.redd.it/63krsbhrm6x41.png?width=1400&format=png&auto=webp&s=aac8d3bb95e29d9b58acd30bc4ab4121e5325809 Conclusión En sólo 6 meses, BetFury logró crecer desde el inicio del juego hasta la gran plataforma con las mejores oportunidades. La plataforma es reconocible y conocida por todo el mundo de los juegos encriptados. Nuestro principal objetivo - ser el número uno en el espacio de los juegos en criptografía! Planeamos crear la mejor experiencia de juego para los usuarios, combinar el poder de las industrias del cripto y del i-gaming, para implementar un producto de calidad, asequible y comprensible para todos! La revolucionaria actualización de BETFURY 2.0 impresionará al mundo del juego en criptografía! BetFury cambia para que sea más conveniente, ¡más atractivo! ¡Sigue apoyando a Betfury y forma parte de la familia del criptojuego de rápido crecimiento! Link Website:https://betfury.ioLink Telegram:http://t.me/betfuryLink Twitter:https://twitter.com/betfury_ioLink Telegram Channel:https://t.me/betfuryofficialchannelLink Medium:https://medium.com/betfury-ioLink Facebook:https://www.facebook.com/BetFury.io/Link Instagram:https://www.instagram.com/betfury.io/Link Steemit:https://steemit.com/@betfury-steemLink Reddit:https://www.reddit.com/useBetFury_io
Soon: First of all, I'd like to congratulate everyone here for a successful binance and kucoin listing. It is really you guys who made this happen, and not us. We supported your vision, and without your vision none of this would have been possible. This isn't our first rodeo show, but we realized early on that in the crypto space the community is everything. All of you have proven to the world just how important it is to be transparent, loyal, and what can be done when a community comes together for one common goal. Other than being the first gaming project to IEO, I believe this is the first project in the crypto space to build a product before listing on any exchange. This project was built by the team, but only made successful because you guys stuck to it. Therefore, the teams wants to thank all of you for the support for the past 9 months. The road will only get bumpier, but the potential is now endless. Ivan: When is the 3rd announcement coming? and any clues on what it is? Soon: The third announcement will be coming SOON. I don't have an exact time for it - but we are working on it as we speak. For sure you'll know its the third announcement once its released but let's enjoy the first and second announcement while we can : ) Ivan: when is the sportsbook coming online? Soon: Its more or less complete. Just a few more kinks we are working out. The goal is to have out before the NFL season and the Soccer (yes yes... football) season. So we are hoping to have out in the next couple weeks. We also have events planned : ) Ivan: has anything being done for the abuse of jackpots to stop on 1 v 1 poker tables? Soon: As I mentioned before, we are taking this week to gather feedback for the Poker platform. I know a lot of you compare it to traditional platforms like pokerstars, but we must look at the whole picture. It is nothing like pokerstars to begin with because there is mining a token which has value, there is rakedrops etc. So this is also new to us. For the jackpot we do see a lot of people 1v1 just to try to hit the jackpot - kind of like video poker. But we must also understand that they are also feeding rakedrops pool. One change that we will implement very soon is to have the amount you can win from the jackpot tiered. The cap for the rake, VIP, rakeback, tournaments, Spin and go etc. all of this will be changed and/or added. For more information on the roadmap for poker - Ivan : Next question, and I guess I can ask 2 in 1 for this one, sportsbook will it go 100% to Win, also advertising revenue will that go 100 % into WIN ? Soon: So we actually spent a lot of time thinking about how we should organize the sportsbook. I feel that sportsbook doesn't give users the mining rush, and similar to 1v1 poker right now, some people will be able to mine at no costs. Therefore, right now we have decided to have it go into WINdrops 100%. On average the house edge for Sportsbook is roughly 10% - so this will definitely help the price of WIN + Windrops Advertising will also all fill into WIN - but atm we have not started this. We need to build more content, integrate more partners, increase our viewership - then advertising revenue will be added Binance listing already put the platform in front of millions of viewers - so i hope as a community we can welcome all the new users who know nothing about WINk or TRONbet : ) Ivan: You have listed a lot of the new games like Hypersnakes, when will that launch? also will that feed into another token or into one of the current 3 ? Soon: The team is working on integrating the games as we speak. As you can see there is a lot on our plate right now including sports, updating poker, finding new partners, more e-gaming content, and other more traditional games. We also have to work with these developers to change some of the systems and mechanisms in the games to make it more compatible with drops etc. I think this is where our expertise comes into play, as we have created a whole new business model where wealth is redistributed to those who support it. Given this, some games will feed directly to WIN, some will have its own token and its own pool. It really depends on the product and there is no set rule as to how it works because each game or dapp is different in its underlying mechanics. One thing for sure is that no matter what, a portion of it or all of it will feed to WIN. Therefore, hodling WIN, keeping it frozen for drops over the long-term will give users a decent passive income that they can enjoy for as long as they want. Ivan: Will the new partnerships allow seamless payments from fiat to crypto? and making it easier for the average person to play on WINk? Soon: Yup this is also something we are working on. Fiat to crypto will definitely bring a whole new user base to the platform. But once you deal with fiat there are new regulations that we have to adhere too. We are working on getting through all of these regulations as we speak. Other than fiat, we will be integrating bitcoin, litecoin and other mainstream tokens to bring in new users as well. Ivan: while we are talking about the integration of btc, ltc etc. lots of questions coming in... when are you looking to integrate those into the platform? and how do we as users claims lets say LTC divs ? Soon: We are working on it - but it will take some time. I will update everyone as the time comes closer. but I'm sure all of you will enjoy it when it does happen Ivan: when can we see WIN come on trontrade, so we can directly buy into it, rather then sending trx to binance converting into btc/usdt and then buying win Soon: YUP! We just had a meeting this morning about it. It will be available on both trx.market and trontrade - Most likely will be up and running ready to trade in the next week Ivan: What are your plans for longterm growth (marketing, user grown, etc etc) Soon: I think the whitepaper sums up our plans the best. 2 things that we are working on 1. Lowering the barrier for non-crypto users - such as the fiat integration etc. Currently, the barrier is too high for the average user, and we've been working on a solution. But we also must understand that this requires the whole blockchain industry to grow, and this is also why i despise all these scam projects. Trust in a new technology is very important for adoption, and the more scams the less trust. 2. Partnerships with industry leaders - The binance listing that the community just had, has given gaming and WINk legitimacy, and this legitimacy will allow us to build new partnerships that will also bring in a lot more users. I can't expand too much on these partnerships atm... but let's just say.... when announcement 3 happens... it'll be good Ivan: while we are on that last question, also what is your projected users by End of year? Soon: for most of you who have been here for a while, you know that I hate speculation. and this is also why WIN is soo great, because its not a token for people to speculate on. Yes, there will be those who speculate on it, but it is also the only token that I know of on binance, that brings true measurable value. Given this, I don't want to speculate on users right now, but I think as long as we keep creating these new partnerships, keep building fun products, and keep listening to the community, user growth will come naturally. User growth also depends on each one of you, as word of mouth is the best marketing tool available. Just to name a few... Tommy, Scott, Alexey, and many others have done great to help the platform grow. So I'd like to thank all of you for that. Ivan: Will we be doing a full UI overhaul of the wink site? Soon: Yes we will! We are trying to build more social systems into the platform which will hopefully increase platform retention. Also, the current color scheme and design is still TRONbet, so we will be doing an overhaul to make sure these systems are organized and user-friendly, while rebranding as WINk Ivan: I think we will do one more question, are you planning on having a get together with the team and community members in a central location? Soon: I'd love too... isn't that what ANTE/WINk island is for? I actually had some time last week and was googling how much it'd cost to rent out an island for a night. Depending on the size we are looking at anywhere from 30k - 80k USD. If all of you are interested in getting together and maybe meeting the team someday - we can definitely set it up. No beer though... I can't drink beer.... Ivan: hehehe no beer, but I am sure we can get you on some whiskey lol Thank you SOON for answering a lot of these questions and in great depth too. We Will close the AMA now and open up the chat for discussion again. Soon: sounds good! thank you all again! Time to get back to work! again, congrats on a successful listing, Remember! its only going to get bumpier from here on out! No smooth sailing : ) Endless potential Thank you all, SOON out~!
ULTIMATE CRYPTO FAUCET LIST - Abraham Lincoln and a cool list of cryptocurrency faucets for you and your shibe.
Four score and a couple of months ago a few crypto-faucet winners and losers popped up in my browser... SOME WERE THE BEST HOT DAMN FREE BITCOIN FAUCETS that a person could find and well some were not as fast...During the last decade the worlds developers and programmers brought forth on this planet the crypto-faucet in many different forms. Are all faucets created equal? They are not... Alright I know this isn't the Gettysburg address but who doesn't love Lincoln? Here I have compiled The best Fun and Profitable Cryptocoin Faucet List for you. If you like this list you may use it to sign up for these great faucets and claim Bitcoin as well as many different Altcoins. These are referral links so I might get some fantastic referrals like you in exchange for creating this hopefully useful list. One thing you will need is patience, if you are going to try to get some bitcoins or altcoins for free. it's not really free basically you are being given a very tiny amount of crypto-currency for watching internet advertising or for competing in games or challenges. There are also places you can get paid in Cryptocurrency for completing surveys or doing small tasks. As with anything on the internet you use these at your own risk and do be careful out there in faucet land. Some of these pages have third party advertisers that will have some pretty crazy s**t pop up on you. If you do want to go wandering around in faucet land, Here are some of my favourite bitcoin and altcoin faucets; These are a few of the best i've found for Bitcoin! FREE BITCO.IN - this one pays out daily interest once you have a high enough balance The next seven faucets listed are for COINPOT a handy collector for your faucet claims. They payout quite quickly once you reach minimums. MOON BITCOIN BITFUN BONUS BITCOIN: HINT; this one is great on it's own but it's even better if you find the settings and always claim the average amount! Unless you hit the jackpot this will always bring you more coins over the long run. If you prefer Altcoin faucets these are very wOw! <3 MOON BITCOIN CASH MOON LITECOIN MOON DASH MOON DOGE! MEGA WOW! MUCH SHIBE THANKS! WOW wow WOW MORE DOGE AT FREEDOGE COIN BYTECOIN: tHe recently PINK CRYPTO Here is a site that GETS BONUS POINTS for having a funny name You can claim bitcoin quite often but it takes a long time to reach the threshold unless you have referrals. That's where you come in my friend please help me out and become a referral. Thank you very much! :-) BITCOINKER! - update NOT PAYING as of July 2019 site admin please pay up! Or another site you will need much patience to get a little EtherEum; eThErEuM FAUCET There are some sites that have games! and pay a little bit of coins for hanging out and playing some games. cool. CHOPCOIN BITFUN LOOTBITS! reviews not good probably scam - If you like to claim quite a bit,do surveys, or get free coins through chat you might want to try: FAUCETHUB They give away quite a bit of free Potcoin (POT) as well as other coins such as DOGE and PRIMECOIN If you like Faucethub and it's owner (s)he has another site that pays you for shortening your links: BTC-LINK SHORTENER And this strange little crypto-game(?) is the one featured in the image for this post. While you can deposit to make the 'game' go faster you can also play for free and have the option of earning coins in other ways. WEIRD LITTLE CRYPTO FARM GAME - - after "researching" this one it is probably a "loser" based on reviews found on various forums. That said I'm hangin' in there for now to see what happens. CLOUD MINE FOR FREE - ON EOBOT if you are so inclined. You will need to either claim from their faucet everyday and put it into GHS rental or transfer funds from other faucets to get started just message me here if you are having trouble. This faucet claiming and "cloud mining" is all very experimental and profits are very small. At the end of the day; PERHAPS IT IS BETTER JUST TO OUTRIGHT BUY COINS - Through this exchange BINANCE Who knows if anyone is really making much on this stuff or not. Join one or join them all the more the merrier. So that's the list. I hope all you faucet seekers or curious browsers find it useful and or interesting. Good luck out there and if you have any questions about any of them please feel free to message me. All the best in your search for freedom and equality! *don't forget to upvote!
Dcoin Exchange received strategic investment from JRR Crypto, achieving outstanding operative results
Starting as the world’s first financial level digital assets trading platform, Dcoin Exchange has received strategic investment from blockchain-leading investment fund JRR Crypto, and has achieved impressive results since officially operating on December 2018. JJR Crypto is the world’s leading blockchain financial investment fund which focused exclusively on ventures, protocols and platforms related to the blockchain ecosystem. JRR has invested in more than 40 blockchain programs, including Binance, Bee Computing, Quarkchain, Blockcloud, Aergo, Certik, Multivac, Boinc, etc., and invested in Dcoin Exchange in 2018 as well. Dcoin Exchange, providing safe and quality services according to the demands of users, has its operation centers distributed globally from Switzerland, South Korea, Hongkong to Shanghai. In a short period of six months, Dcoin Exchange has rapidly risen to the second echelon exchange in the crypto world, ranking 35 on Coinmarketcap. As a result of steadily continued growth of users, Dcoin’s accumulated users have exceeded 100,000, in which the number of daily trading users have broken thousands. Nowadays, Dcoin’s development is remarkable with deluge of users located in China, Korea, Europe, Southeast Asia and other countries and regions. Dcoin Exchange provides currency trading services for nearly 100 kinds of blockchain assets including Bitcoin, Ethereum, Litecoin and other mainstream crypto-currencies. Through the use of dynamic storage, separation of hot and cold wallet, private API and other technical means, the security of users’ assets and transactions are guaranteed. Recently, 40% of Dcoin Exchange’s projects have migrated to the main network, ATOM, MATIC, VBT and other popular projects are launched in Dcoin Exchange, with an average increase of more than 15% on the first day, which has a good performance and is appreciated by investors. With the vision in building a global financial level digital assets service provider, Dcoin Exchange advocates value investment and actively creates a healthy market place. After the prevalence of IEO (Ladder Exchange Offering) and Resonance Mode in the first half of 2019, Dcoin launches Mix-Resonance Mode, which based on systematic design and scientific economic model to reduce the market risks, guarantee the stable rise of currency prices, and return to the idea of value investment. Dcoin Exchange would be the the pioneer to announce launching its platform token DT by the Mix-Resonance Mode on 20th June. The participators who join the events of DT’s launch are expected to win the jackpot of up to $600,000 of resonant mainstream token. LEO, Melting Node, Fissioner Group Battle, and FOMO Lottery are set up to make a dynamic balance around value sharing and token incentives. For more information, please visit www.dcoin.com/DT
Abraham Lincoln, A Fun List of Cryptocurrency Faucets and Gaming for Coins!
Four score and a couple of months ago a few crypto-faucet winners and losers popped up in my browser... SOME WERE THE BEST HOT DAMN FREE BITCOIN FAUCETS that a person could find and well some were not as fast...During the last decade the worlds developers and programmers brought forth on this planet the crypto-faucet in many different forms. Are all faucets created equal? They are not... Alright I know this isn't the Gettysburg address but who doesn't love Lincoln? Here I have compiled The best Fun and Profitable Cryptocoin Faucet List for you. If you like this list you may use it to sign up for these great faucets and claim Bitcoin as well as many different Altcoins. These are referral links so I might get some fantastic referrals like you in exchange for creating this hopefully useful list. One thing you will need is patience, if you are going to try to get some bitcoins or altcoins for free. it's not really free basically you are being given a very tiny amount of crypto-currency for watching internet advertising or for competing in games or challenges. There are also places you can get paid in Cryptocurrency for completing surveys or doing small tasks. As with anything on the internet you use these at your own risk and do be careful out there in faucet land. Some of these pages have third party advertisers that will have some pretty crazy s**t pop up on you. If you do want to go wandering around in faucet land, Here are some of my favourite bitcoin and altcoin faucets; These are a few of the best i've found for Bitcoin! FREE BITCO.IN - this one pays out daily interest once you have a high enough balance The next seven faucets listed are for COINPOT a handy collector for your faucet claims. They payout quite quickly once you reach minimums. MOON BITCOIN BITFUN BONUS BITCOIN: HINT; this one is great on it's own but it's even better if you find the settings and always claim the average amount! Unless you hit the jackpot this will always bring you more coins over the long run. If you prefer Altcoin faucets these are very wOw! <3 MOON BITCOIN CASH MOON LITECOIN MOON DASH MOON DOGE! MEGA WOW! MUCH SHIBE THANKS! WOW wow WOW MORE DOGE AT FREEDOGE COIN BYTECOIN: tHe recently PINK CRYPTO Here is a site that GETS BONUS POINTS for having a funny name You can claim bitcoin quite often but it takes a long time to reach the threshold unless you have referrals. That's where you come in my friend please help me out and become a referral. Thank you very much! :-) BITCOINKER! - update NOT PAYING as of July 2019 site admin please pay up! Or another site you will need much patience to get a little EtherEum; eThErEuM FAUCET There are some sites that have games! and pay a little bit of coins for hanging out and playing some games. cool. CHOPCOIN BITFUN LOOTBITS! reviews not good probably scam - If you like to claim quite a bit,do surveys, or get free coins through chat you might want to try: FAUCETHUB They give away quite a bit of free Potcoin (POT) as well as other coins such as DOGE and PRIMECOIN If you like Faucethub and it's owner (s)he has another site that pays you for shortening your links: BTC-LINK SHORTENER And this strange little crypto-game(?) is the one featured in the image for this post. While you can deposit to make the 'game' go faster you can also play for free and have the option of earning coins in other ways. WEIRD LITTLE CRYPTO FARM GAME - - after "researching" this one it is probably a "loser" based on reviews found on various forums. That said I'm hangin' in there for now to see what happens. CLOUD MINE FOR FREE - ON EOBOT if you are so inclined. You will need to either claim from their faucet everyday and put it into GHS rental or transfer funds from other faucets to get started just message me here if you are having trouble. This faucet claiming and "cloud mining" is all very experimental and profits are very small. At the end of the day; PERHAPS IT IS BETTER JUST TO OUTRIGHT BUY COINS - Through this exchange BINANCE Who knows if anyone is really making much on this stuff or not. Join one or join them all the more the merrier. So that's the list. I hope all you faucet seekers or curious browsers find it useful and or interesting. Good luck out there and if you have any questions about any of them please feel free to message me. All the best in your search for freedom and equality!
Bitcoin chưa bao giờ ngừng hot, đặc biệt là tại thời điểm này. Dù có sự lên xuống thất thường về giá, nhưng giới đầu tư tài chính vẫn không ngừng quan tâm về nó. Vậy, bitcoin là gì?Tiền ảo hay lừa đảo? Hãy cùng tìm hiểu cụ thể vấn đề này, qua bài viết dưới đây nhé. Xem thêm:
Bitcoin là gì? Bitcoin (BTC hay XBT) là một loại tiền mã hoá, được ra đời vào năm 2009 bởi 1 nhân vật bí ẩn gọi là Satoshi Nakamoto. Người ta còn gọi loại tiền này với rất nhiều những tên gọi khác nhau như: tiền kỹ thuật số, tiền điện tử, tiền ảo, tiền số… Cách thức hoạt động của Bitcoin khác hẳn so với các loại tiền tệ khác, bởi không có bất kỳ 1 cá nhân hay tổ chức nào có thể quản lý nó. Đây được xem là loại tiền mã hoá đầu tiên và điển hình nhất, được sử dụng phổ biến trong các giao dịch thương mại điện tử. Bitcoin Là Gì? Tiền Ảo Hay Lừa Đảo?
Bitcoin có lừa đảo hay không?
Có rất nhiều những bàn luận xoay quanh vấn đề tiền ảo bitcoin là gì? Bitcoin có lừa đảo hay không? Tuy nhiên, công bằng mà nói, chúng ta cần phải nhìn nhận thực tế dựa vào những giá trị thật cũng như là những hạn chế của nó. Bitcoin hôm nay cũng đã khẳng định được vị thế của mình với những giá trị cụ thể, bởi nó có thể đổi ra tiền thật và có giá trị rất lớn. Đồng tiền này đã và đang được sử dụng rộng rãi, một đồng tiền mang tầm cỡ quốc tế với giá trị được công khai, rõ ràng và minh bạch. Với những giá trị đem lại, Bitcoin đã thu hút được sự quan tâm đặc biệt từ giới đầu tư tài chính. Người ta có thể tự mua máy đào Bitcoin, tham gia vào sàn giao dịch mua bán Bitcoin, tự tạo sàn giao dịch mua bán Bitcoin để kinh doanh kiếm lợi nhuận…. Đương nhiên, khi kinh doanh, sẽ có rủi ro nhất định. Và những ai không may mắn “dính” phải rủi ro, thì có thể cho Bitcoin lừa đảo và ngược lại thì không. Đây cũng là lý do giải thích được câu hỏi vì sao lại có nhiều câu hỏi về việc Bitcoin có lừa đảo hay không.
Những dự án tiềm năng về Bitcoin cho các chủ đầu tư
Có rất nhiều những cách để kiếm lợi nhuận với Bitcoin. Không chỉ riêng các user thông thường, mà ngay cả các chủ đầu tư cũng có những cơ hội với Bitcoin. Ngoài việc tham gia vào các sàn giao dịch tiền ảo, các game tiền ảo, thì các nhà đầu tư tài chính, có nguồn vốn lớn, có thể đầu tư kiếm tiền với Bitcoin bằng những cách khác.
Cách kiếm tiền với thị trường tiền kỹ thuật số nói chung và Bitcoin nói riêng như:
Xây dựng sàn tiền ảo mua bán, trao đổi Bitcoin cùng các đồng tiền ảo khác để kiếm lợi nhuận. (Xây dựng các sàn giao dịch tiền ảo giống với các sàn giao dịch lớn trên thế giới như: Binance, chimcugay, sàn tiền ảo, Bitmex….)
Xây dựng hệ sinh thái game giao dịch bằng tiền ảo và kiếm lợi nhuận.(Cụ thể một số game cần phải kế đến như: game Fomo2moon, game Dice, game vòng quay may mắn, game nuôi thú ảo…)
Để hoàn thiện được các dự án này, các nhà đầu tư có thể liên hệ trực tiếp với Devteam – Công ty TNHH phát triển phần mềm hàng đầu Việt Nam. Tại đây, chúng tôi có nhiều năm kinh nghiệm trong việc xây dựng và phát triển sàn giao dịch tiền ảo giống các sàn quốc tế (Binance,Remitano,Binomo, Chimcugay…), lập trình game trả thưởng bằng tiền ảo, xây dựng 1 đồng tiền ảo mới, đưa đồng coin lên sàn quốc tế, …
Ethereum là gì? Ethereum là gì? Ethereum (hay còn gọi là tiền ảo Ethereum) là một loại tiền mã hoá (cryptocurrency) được ra đời năm 2013 bởi Vitalik Buterin, dưới công nghệ nền tảng của Blockchain. Dù được xây dựng trên 1 Blockchain riêng biệt, nhưng về cơ bản, chúng ta phải thừa nhận rằng, mã nguồn của Ethereum vẫn là dựa vào mã nguồn của Bitcoin để hoàn thiện. Mã nguồn mở của Ethereum có tính phân tán, công khai, minh bạch, rõ ràng dựa trên hợp đồng thông minh (smart contract) của Blockchian. Nó sử dụng blockchain để đồng bộ hóa và lưu giữ trạng thái hệ thống cùng với 1 đơn vị tiền tệ kỹ thuật số là “Ether” để đo và chi trả chi phí tài nguyên thực thi. https://preview.redd.it/dfs6m6fjzsk21.png?width=750&format=png&auto=webp&s=7064f5dd9553cde1bed7fc38ee15f526c9e964cc Sự xuất hiện của Ethereum chính là để cải thiện tất cả những vấn đề bất cập của Bitcoin – đồng tiền mã hoá đầu tiên và lớn mạnh nhất hiện nay. Cũng chính vì mục đích này, đã giúp cho Ethereum nhanh chóng hoà nhập với thị trường và được thị trường đón nhận hết sức nồng nhiệt. Kiếm tiền như thế nào với Ethereum? Có rất nhiều những phương thức khác nhau để kiếm được lợi nhuận từ Ethereum, như:
Xây dựng và phát triển các sàn giao dịch Ethereum. Phương án được giới đầu tư tài chính lớn ưu tiên lựa chọn.
Lập trình hệ sinh thái game, giao dịch bằng Ethereum. Đây cũng là cơ hội đầy tiềm năng cho giới đầu tư.
Đào ethereum. Tuy nhiên, cách này đòi hỏi cao về kỹ thuật và chi phí. Phương án này sẽ không dành cho những người mới tìm hiểu về ethereum bitcoin, tiền ảo ethereum là gì.
Tham gia vào các sàn giao dịch mua bán Ethereum. Đây là cách kiếm tiền với Ethereum dành cho những user thông thường.
Kiếm Ethereum miễn phí khi có thời gian, bằng cách tham gia vào các trò chơi trên game hoặc trên ở các quảng cáo trên các sàn giao dịch…
Ethereum và những cơ hội tiềm năng cho chủ đầu tư Có thể thấy rằng, cộng đồng có rất nhiều cách khác nhau để kiếm được lợi nhuận từ Ethereum. Trong đó, các chủ đầu tư có tầm nhìn, thường sẽ rất quan tâm đến lập trình các sàn giao dịch tiền ảo Ethereum hay các Game Blockchain giao dịch bằng Ethereum. Đã có rất nhiều sàn giao dịch tiền ảo và game tiền ảo ra đời và thành công vang dội như (sàn Binance, Chim cu gáy, sàn tiền ảo, sàn Bitmix,… game xổ số FOMO2MOON, game Dice, game nuôi thú ảo…) Sự thành công của các dự án này, đã được thực thi hiệu quả, và được cả cộng đồng kiểm chứng. Do đó, các nhà đầu tư tài năng, đã không hề ngần ngại bỏ vốn vào lĩnh vực này. Đáp ứng nhu cầu này, công ty TNHH phát triển phần mềm Devteam đã và đang nhận lập trình sàn giao dịch tiền ảo Ethereum và xây dựng, phát triển game Blockchain giao dịch bằng ALTcoin, đương nhiên có cả Ethereum coin. Đây được xem là công ty uy tín và tên tuổi nhất hiện nay tại Việt Nam, mà các chủ đầu tư không nên bỏ qua. https://preview.redd.it/t1woajahzsk21.png?width=750&format=png&auto=webp&s=adae39b798bb4c16fe805c3af8fdf962f79a30cf Devteam có thể giúp gì cho các chủ đầu tư quan tâm Ethereum? Với đội ngũ lập trình viên chuyên nghiệp, nhiều năm kinh nghiệm, cùng rất nhiều những dự án sàn giao dịch và game Blockchain đã hoàn thành, Devteam tự tin sẽ là sự lựa chọn đáng tin cậy nhất cho các nhà đầu tư. Chúng tôi hoàn toàn có thể:
Xây dựng và lập trình sàn giao dịch tiền ảo giao dịch Ethereum chuyên nghiệp, lớn mạnh.
Phát triển game Blockchain, game giao dịch Ethereum chuyên nghiệp, thu hút người chơi.
Hoàn thiện ethereum wallet, cổng thanh toán cho sàn giao dịch và hệ sinh thái game.
Hỗ trợ ý tưởng cho từng dự án liên quan đến Ethereum và hoàn thiện dự án.
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What is Bitcoin? Bitcoin Explained Simply for Dummies ...
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